INTERMEDIATE OUTCOME 1
Strengthened national, sub-national, local green growth planning, financing, and institutional frameworks
GGGI’s support for partner countries in their successful transition to green growth is delivered along its value chain based on the countries national priorities and demand. Intermediate Outcome 1 focuses on supporting partner countries to put in place policies necessary to transition toward green growth. The results and outcomes relating to Intermediate Outcome 1 reflect the left-side of the value chain, which is focused on establishing green growth policies at the national, sub-national and sectoral levels.
The types of advisory outputs that GGGI provides include diagnostic and technical studies, analytical tools, strategies and road maps that inform the development of government green growth policies.
In 2017, GGGI supported the delivery of 21 advisory outputs that inform the development of green growth policies in 14 countries, namely: Cambodia (2); Colombia (2); Indonesia (2); Lao PDR; Mexico; Myanmar; Peru (2); Philippines (3); Rwanda; Senegal; Thailand; UAE; Vanuatu; and Viet Nam (2).
The types of advisory outputs range from supporting the development of a National Strategic Plan for Green Secondary Cities in Cambodia, assessment of green growth potential in Lao PDR and Myanmar, development of the Peoples’ Survival Fund in the Philippines to support climate change interventions and development of Peru’s National Green Growth Strategy implementation plan.
In 2017, GGGI delivered 21 advisory outputs that supported 14 governments to develop green growth policies against a planned target of 33 outputs.
Given the biennium nature of GGGI’s projects, the majority of the policy advisory outputs are in preparation and on track and anticipated to be completed in 2018.
Some examples of advisory outputs delivered in 2017 included:
- National level: In the United Arab Emirates, GGGI helped produce a National Climate Change Plan which provides a framework for delivering all climate-related elements of the National Green Growth Strategy. The Plan centers on three priorities: mitigation, adaptation and private sector-led diversification. It sets out five enablers, or means of implementation: innovative green finance, capacity building, governance and evaluation, awareness raising and communication, and international cooperation.
- Sub-national level: In Peru, GGGI produced forest economy analyses that were incorporated into the National Forest and Wildlife Plan (NFWP), part of Peru’s National Green Growth Strategy Action Plan. Sustainable forest management is a key focus for Peru as more than half of its GHG emissions come from deforestation. The NFWP identifies priority land use investments and financing opportunities to prevent deforestation.
In 2017, GGGI outputs contributed to 17 green growth policies being adopted by 11 partner governments against a target of 1.*
These 17 adopted green growth policies include 9 policy outputs completed and adopted in 2017 and 8 policy outputs completed in 2016 but were adopted in 2017.
*The total green growth policies adopted target for WPB 2017-2018 is 39, with the expectation that a high percentage of policy adoption would occur in the last year of the biennium. GGGI's accelerated delivery of outputs throughout 2017, coupled with outputs delivered in late 2016, resulted in a rate of green growth policy adoption well ahead of the 2017 target.
Some examples of green growth policies adopted in 2017 included:
- National level: In Uganda, GGGI assisted in the costing and creation of an implementation roadmap for the Uganda Green Growth Development Strategy. The Strategy guides the reconfiguration of Uganda’s economy to combine economic growth and low-carbon development. It was officially launched on November 22, 2017, by the Prime Minister of Uganda. GGGI will continue to support the mainstreaming of green growth in sub national and sectoral policies, in budgeting, implementation and financing mechanisms.
- Sub-national or sectoral level: In Mexico, GGGI produced a scoping report for the State of Sonora which identifies key opportunities for the Green Growth Strategy of the Sonora State at the sub-national level. The report provides guidance for the implementation for the Green Growth Strategy, defining a workplan in priority areas, including urban development; renewable energy; energy efficiency; water management; natural resources; solid waste and public transport.
The above results demonstrate the quantity of our policy work (the number of policies and outcomes achieved) in 2017. The next two results give some sense of the quality of the outcomes achieved.
There is a commitment from partner governments to implement the policies aligned with green growth elements; and these policies are likely to lead to transformational change if implemented. Of the green growth policies adopted in 2017, the majority demonstrated a clear contribution to various elements of green growth.
A qualitative scorecard approach was adopted to assess the extent to which the 5 policies produced and adopted in 2017 were likely to be implemented and achieve transformational change. Those policies were: the National Development Plan in Fiji; the Green Growth Strategy of Sonora State in Mexico; the Palawan Province Sector Resolutions in the Philippines; and 2 Green City District Development Plans in Rwanda.
The scorecard was issued to these projects to assess the presence of 4 key elements highlighted below: (i) objectives were aligned with green growth elements, (ii) resources were allocated to implementation, (ii) clear arrangements were established for implementation, and (iv) specific actions or investments were identified as a result of the adopted policies.
As illustrated below, these 5 policies adopted by the governments were funded and resourced for implementation, demonstrating partner that governments are committed to implementing adopted green growth policies that seek to incorporate green growth elements.
Characteristic of alignment with green growth elements and likelihood of implementation
% OF POLICIES ADOPTED
The results indicate that green growth policies put in place by partner governments are likely to be implemented. These policies in turn can achieve transformational change as highlighted in the example below:
- Fiji: The Government of Fiji is committed to promoting a transformational change in Fiji’s economy toward a green growth model and to this end, it had sought GGGI’s support in 2015 to prepare a new Fiji National Development Plan (NDP). The NDP which provides an integrated national green growth framework was completed in 2016, approved in 2017, and officially launched at COP 23 in Bonn, Germany, in November 2017. The Fijian NDP answered yes to each of the scorecard items. It is a country-wide program, large scale in focus, and was aligned with each of the 4 elements of green growth. The government has allocated annual budgetary funds to the policies contained in the NDP, indicating that it is likely that implementation will proceed soon.
Similarly, the five policies completed and adopted in 2017 were assessed according to the four elements of green growth that GGGI aligns its programs with to promote human development, namely; economic growth, poverty reduction, environmental sustainability and social inclusion. In 2017, these five policies were reported to have contributed to more than three of the four dimensions.
While the five adopted policies represent only a small sample of the 2017 programmatic activities, it is notable that gradually a large share of these policies have begun to target social inclusion. The topic of Efficiency with Inclusion contained in the GGS aims to promote a greater inclusion of women in economic activity through reduction of the wage gender gap and establishing minimum representation quotas in the workplace.
Since 2015, rates of social inclusion have been climbing steadily. Half of the policies targeted social inclusion in 2015, 89% in 2016 and 100% in 2017. This reflects GGGI’s commitment to mainstreaming all 4 elements in its programs, including social inclusion.
Policies contribution to the 4 elements of green growth
% OF POLICIES WHICH CONTRIBUTE TO EACH ELEMENT